5 de novembro de 2013

Artigo recomendado: Perioperative Gabapentinoids

Choice of Agent, Dose, Timing, and Effects on Chronic Postsurgical Pain

Peter C. Schmidt, Gabriela Ruchelli, Sean C. Mackey, Ian R. Carroll

The gabapentinoids pregabalin and gabapentin are both indicated for the treatment of postherpetic neuralgia and as adjuvant therapy for seizure disorders. Pregabalin is additionally approved for the treatment of fibromyalgia and neuropathic pain associated with diabetes mellitus or spinal cord injury. There are now more than 100 clinical trials examining the use of gabapentin perioperatively to reduce postoperative pain and a smaller but growing number of clinical trials examining the efficacy of pregabalin. As a body of work, they support the conclusion that perioperative use of gabapentinoids reduces early postoperative pain and opioid use.1–3 This article describes how this body of work may inform a surgeon’s or anesthesiologist’s optimization of perioperative use of gabapentinoids, including choice of agent, dose, timing, and duration of therapy. In addition, we described the less clear data for and against gabapentinoid efficacy in preventing the emergence of chronic postsurgical pain.

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