2 de dezembro de 2011

Artigo recomendado: Goal-directed Intraoperative Fluid Administration Reduces Length of Hospital Stay after Major Surgery

Tong J. Gan, M.B., B.S, F.R.C.A.,* Andrew Soppitt, B.Sc., M.B., B.S., F.R.C.A.,† Mohamed Maroof, M.D.,‡ Habib El-Moalem, Ph.D.,§ Kerri M. Robertson, M.D.,* Eugene Moretti, M.D.,† Peter Dwane, M.D.,‡ Peter S. A. Glass, M.B., F.F.A. (S.A.)

Anesthesiology, V 97, No 4, Oct 2002

Background: Intraoperative hypovolemia is common and is a potential cause of organ dysfunction, increased postoperative morbidity, length of hospital stay, and death. The objective of this prospective, randomized study was to assess the effect of goal-directed intraoperative fluid administration on length of postoperative hospital stay.

Methods: One hundred patients who were to undergo major elective surgery with an anticipated blood loss greater than 500 ml were randomly assigned to a control group (n = 50) that received standard intraoperative care or to a protocol group (n = 50) that, in addition, received intraoperative plasma volume expansion guided by the esophageal Doppler monitor to maintain maximal stroke volume. Length of postoperative hospital stay and postoperative surgical morbidity were assessed.

Results: Groups were similar with respect to demographics, surgical procedures, and baseline hemodynamic variables. The protocol group had a significantly higher stroke volume and cardiac output at the end of surgery compared with the control group. Patients in the protocol group had a shorter duration of hospital stay compared with the control group: 5 ± 3 versus 7 ± 3 days (mean ± SD), with a median of 6 versus 7 days, respectively (P = 0.03). These patients also tolerated oral intake of solid food earlier than the control group: 3 ± 0.5 versus 4.7 ± 0.5 days (mean ± SD), with a median of 3 versus 5 days,respectively (P = 0.01).

Conclusions: Goal-directed intraoperative fluid administration results in earlier return to bowel function, lower incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting, and decrease in length of postoperative hospital stay.

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